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Parquet Floor Sanding & Refinishing Guide

Parquetry has always been considered to be a symbol of beauty and style. It was in the past that this kind of floor was thought to be an indication of wealth and grandeur which only the elite could afford. If you are considering renovating your parquet floor it is important to be aware of the value. The old floors are similar to a fine wine . The older they become the better they end up being. As wood ages, it gets stronger and less prone to crack or warp. But, there’s more to floors that are old. They have a personality that has a story written over them. They are unique and should be protected.

Preparing the floor

Every restoration of parquet floors begins with the most basic chores. First, furniture needs to be moved, and each broken object must be removed. The space must be prepared to be ready for the inevitable sanding process that strips the old finish. To prepare for this it is necessary for the parquet to be thoroughly cleaned. Dust particles possess abrasive properties and we don’t want to have them in the area when sanding begins.

Repairing old Parquet Flooring

Is the parquet in good condition? Are there any damaged blocks or missing? This is the first question that you must be asking yourself. Although it’s pretty evident that a block is damaged or missing, determining if a block is stable is a little more difficult. Every section of the parquet needs to be gently tapped to determine the components that make sound that is hollow or rattling. It is difficult because pulling one or two could cause an unintended chain reaction that could remove more blocks than originally planned.

We now get to the nastiest component of bitumen. Today, this black, tar-like substance is used predominantly as road construction materials. Victorians used it for flooring glue. It’s a change in the times, isn’t it? The issue of bitumen lies in the fact that the majority of modern adhesives aren’t able to bond to it. Bitumen is very sticky and brittle, which can be unstable. The removal of bitumen from the blocks can be quite painful, but it is essential if you wish for your parquet blocks correctly secured. Unfortunately, getting rid of bitumen from the blocks isn’t enough. Not even close.

Cleaning the Floor

Bitumen not only sticks to the parquet blocks , but also to the underfloor. It’s robust enough to damage the concrete beneath the blocks when removed. This makes the subfloor uneven, and we are unable to put the flooring without first levelling it. The majority of the time, experts employ acrylic levelling compounds to solve the issue. Once the floor is enough level, Essex parquet restoration can be continued by placing the parquet blocks in their original position.

Restoring everything back to the place it Should

Parquet flooring, including wood floors are prone to shifting slightly as the seasons roll. It’s a natural phenomenon that cannot be stopped. If we try to stop it make the floor more rigid, it could fall. This is the reason why the blocks come with just a bit of room between the blocks. Keep in mind that the greater amount of bitumen you’ve strippedaway, the better your flooring be over time. It is recommended to use a flexible modern adhesive since it allows flooring to move little. However, these adhesives can be a little more expensive , but it’s well worth the cost.

Sanding wood floors is divided into three parts : rough medium, fine, and rough. For floors that are extremely uneven, we start with coarser sandpaper grains like P24 and gradually shift to finer grits. Parquets are more delicate and seldom uneven. It is generally recommended to begin with something like P40 then gradually move to P80. Once we’ve reached it then we’re at two (medium) polishing process. Once we are done, we vacuum and clean the floor. The final sanding can take place after we have filled in the gaps between the blocks.

The best rule for floor sanding is to adhere to the grain of wood. If we don’t do this, we run the risk of damaging the grain, and ruining the impression of a flawlessly smooth surface.

Parquetry, however is made of a number of blocks of wood arranged in patterns with various pieces facing in different directions. How can we effectively sand them? The answer is we do not. The most well-known parquet pattern is, by far, herringbone. The best way to sand herringbone would be diagonal. This will allow every face of the parquet block to be stripped in a uniform manner.

Apart from that, the method of sanding is quite normal. Utilizing a buffing machine such as that of the Bona Flexi Sand and Lagler Trio Lagler Trio can make the last step of the sanding procedure a breeze.

How can you fill in the gaps in Parquetry?

The gap-filling process is not required but is certainly recommended. Apart from improving the look of your flooring, it will also stop draughts and save some cash on heating costs in the winter.

There are a variety of methods for filling gaps in your floor made of wood. Parquets have very small gaps, and the most effective method to fill them is making a mixture of filler resin and sawdust. The dust is gathered during the sanding procedure and is then added to the resin. This allows the resin to develop the natural color of the floor, and also mask the gap quite well. The larger gaps are filled with coarser sawdust that was collected in the rough sanding process and smaller ones with dust that is finer later.

Remember that anyone who applies the resin needs to be aware that it will dry extremely quickly. A larger knife can allow the filling process to be faster. The remaining resin over the top of the work surface is removed at the third and final sanding cycle that will then allow for an application final.

Finalizing the Task

There are two kinds of floor finishes: oil penetrating and lacquers (also called varnishes). Hardwax oil is a third option that is believed to bring together the advantages of both lacquers and oils but their efficacy is a matter of debate.

Lacquers form a protective layer over the top of parquet . They offer the most protection of three, with the least amount of maintenance required. The disadvantage is that the flooring begins to appear plastic-like and the finish is easily scratched.

The oils will penetrate the wood, thereby protecting it from within. They give a natural appearance than lacquers, but their durability and protection are lower.

In the last, we have oil-based hard wax. This is a relatively new product that functions in the same way as an oil finishing and also forms a layer on the surface similar to lacquer. The film, however is not as strong as well as the surface is vulnerable to damage from spills of liquid. The majority of floor finishes can be applied using an applicator pad or basic brush. However, regardless the instructions of the manufacturer should be strictly followed. After the finish has dried the floor restoration is completed. Congratulations!